Leisure Places

Poiman Karadu is situated on the Salem- Namakkal National Highway, 9 km away from the city of Salem. The main feature of this place is that a cave between rocks on the nearby hills, this place is visible like a deer with two horns.The mysterious vision disappears when you get nearer. Hence the name Poiman Karadu forms. It is said basically Illusion formed by the terrains shadow, would be the reason for that image formation.

The Kurumbapatti Zoological Park, situated on a sprawling 11.5 hectares of reserve forest land, at the foothills of Shevaroyan Hills near here is developed. Kurumbapatti situated at the foothills of Yercaud which is near by Salem. This is one small zoological park with natural beautiful surroundings. The Park is filled with different type of animals and bird species and already has pairs of crocodiles, deer and tortoises.

Panamarathupatti Lake This is a Natural Lake situated near a Village called Panamarathupatti. Situated very near to the suburbs of Salem City. This lake is used to meet the water needs in some parts of southern suburbs of Salem City, and as well as for the agricultural lands around the lake. The total area covered by this lake is around 500acres. Tourists are attracted by the scenic features of the lake. This lake is even called as Vedanthangal of Salem District, as the lake attracts many birds during the season.

Poolampatti is a panchayat town in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Poolampatti had a population of 9000. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Poolampatti has an average literacy rate of 56%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 66%, and female literacy is 45%. In Poolampatti, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. This is located on one of the banks of river Kaveri. The main occupation is agriculture here. With this cattle also adds to the source of income.Poolampatti is the ideal location for shooting films. Rasukutti, Pownu Pownuthan, Mutrugai, Samundi, Thamarai, Tele shooting such as Sun TV Sivasakthi etc. were taken here.The daily boat ride across River Cauvery on Poolampatti in Salem district throws safety to the winds.

Muttal is one of the village with fertile soil and it is great source of drinking water for Attur town.The main source of water for Muttal is Muttal lake. Muttal is geographically surrounded by forest on the north side thatswhy water from the forest stored in the lake . But the only painful thing is Attur town needs drinking water from the Muttal lake but don't want to maintain Muttal lake.

Pachimalai Hills are a part of the Eastern Ghats in the southern state of India,Tamil Nadu. The hills are spread over the districts of Salem and Perambalur. Pachai in Tamil means green and the Pachimalai hills is greener than the some of the hills located nearby. The rivers flowing through the hills are Kallar and Sweata Nadi. The Veeraramar Dam is located in the hills across the Kallar River. The waterfalls in the hills include Mangalam Aruvi, Koraiyar Falls and Mayil Uthu Falls. The most cultivated fruit in the hills is jackfruit.There are many native tribes inhabiting the hills.

The Kalrayan Hills are a major range of hills situated in the Eastern Ghats of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Along with the Pachaimalai, Javadi, and Shevaroy hills, they separate the Kaveri River basin to the south from the Palar River basin to the north.The hills range in height from 2000 feet to 3000 feet and extend over an area of 1095 square kilometres. The hills straddle a number of Tamil Nadu districts, extending northeast from the Salem District. The range serves as a boundary between the Salem and Villupuram districts.The Kalrayans are divided into two sections — the northern section, referred to as the Chinna Kalrayans, and the southern section, called the PeriyaKalrayans. The Chinna Kalrayans average 2700 feet in height, while the Periya Kalrayans average 4000 feet. The range as a whole is fairly smooth, with soil well-suited for plant growth. Scrub jungles reach up to 400 metres in altitude, while deciduous forests can be found between above 800 metres. Sholas, a type of high-altitude stunted evergreen forest, can be found growing on isolated plateaus. Though the forest stand is growing, due to "habitat uniqueness, human impacts and cultural tradition," conservation efforts are needed.

The Paravasa Ulagam Water Theme Park is situated at 16 km from the city of Salem, near Mallur on the National Highway 7. This water park comprises a green and calm environment, complinted by water games, go-karting, biking, a wave pool, video games, a science park and water falls.

Monuments

Attur Fort is a historic fort present in Attur in Salem district. The fort was built by a local Palayakarar, called Lakshmana Nayakan during the 17th Century. It was occupied by Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan and British during various times. The fort was used by the British as a garrison till 1854, after which the fort was not operational. In modern times, the fort is under the control of the Archeological Department of the Government of Tamil Nadu.

Sankagiri Fort was built in the 15th century by the Vijayanagar empire. It has 14 fort walls built on and around a hill and the last phase these walls were built by the British. The fort served as a British tax storage facility for Kongu Nadu, a region comprising the districts of Salem, Erode, Coimbatore, Tiruppur, Namakkal, Karur and Dindukal. Sankagiri is the town located around this place. It was an important military base for Tippu Sultan and later for the British army. This is because only one side of the hill is climbable, as all the others are too steep to climb. This has a death well, granary, two oil godowns, one explosives godown, two masjiths, 2 Varadharaja Perumal temples, former British Army administrative buildings, and cemeteries formerly used by armies that were stationed at the fort. Dheeran Chinnamalai was hanged by the British in this fort.

Iron ore is copious in Salem. Salem has been the chief centre of supply of the finest steel throughout historical times and iron was a historical mark of Salem's contact with the western world in ancient times. J.M.Health prized that the tools used by the Egyptian sculptors may have been made of Salem Steel.The Salem Steel Plant project was started with a view to utilize the lacally available iron-ore from kanjamalai to produce steel. Now it is a public sector company engaged in rolling out cast steel slabs into sheets of required dimension by cold and hot rolling.

Places of Worship

1008 Lingam Temple is a popular temple of Salem. This temple is located in Ariyanoor and is under the control of a private department of the Vinayaga Mission. The main feature of this temple is the presence of 1008 Shiva Lingams, with Nandi in the 'moolasthanam'.

The town of Tharamangalam is situated at a distance of 27 km from the city of Salem. The main feature of this town is the Kailasanathar Temple, which is known for its architectural beauty that consists of very detailed statues and stone carvings, along with a rotating lotus flower in its ceiling. The temple features exquisite stone carvings of the yali (mythological dragon), depicted with an actual stone ball inside its mouth (one can even put one's finger inside the Yaali's mouth and rotate the ball). The Kailasanthar Temple also has a carving of Manmathan looking at siva and parvathi, where if you look from Manmathan's side both Siva and Parvathi are visible but if you look from Parvathi's side, Manmathan is not visible since he is supposed to be hiding from Siva's view. Also depicted at the temple is a scene from the Hindu epic Ramayanam (Vali & Sukrivan fighting, depicted on one pillar, and Lord Ram with bow and arrow aiming to kill Vali depicted on another pillar). It is a Siva temple, perhaps the most beautiful of its kind in Salem District.

The Kottai Mariamman Temple is one of the oldest pilgrimage centres of Salem City and is situated in the heart of the city and on the banks of River Tirumanimuthar. The presiding deity of his temple is Goddess Kottai Mariamman. The most popular feature of this temple is its Shevapet Mariamman Temple Car Festival, which is held at this temple every year, between the months of July and August and lasts for a week.

The Sugavaneshwarar Temple, situated near the old bus stand of Salem, is one of the important pilgrimage sites of Salem. It was constructed during the 13th century AD, by Mamannan Sundara Pondiyan. According to a legend, Sage Sugha Brahmarishi worshipped and performed penance at this place. Arunagirinadhar also sung a song on Lord Muruga, at this temple. The interiors of this temple contain several historical monuments and a statuette of its main deity.

The Arulmigi Alagirinathar Temple, also known as Thirukoil Kottai Perumal or Kottai Perumal Koil, is situated in the heart of Salem City. This temple was constructed many centuries ago and its main features are its ancient sculptures. Vaikunta Ekadasi is the main festival celebrated at this temple, during which, the place is flocked by a large number of devotees. Some of the other festivals celebrated here throughout the year include Brahmotsavam, Pavithrotsavam, Navarathri and Puratasi. The Aandaal Thirukalyanam is another special occasion at this temple, during which, a special garland is brought from Sri Villi Puttur, to honour the deity. There are two more important temples nearby that are dedicated to Azhagiri Perumal and Mariamman. In 1854, these deities were moved to the Karapura Nathar Kovil, when the Perumal Temple fell into ruins. They were brought back when this temple was rebuilt in 1865.

Ardhanareeswarar, one of the 64 manifestations of Shiva, representing the unity of Shiva and Parvati, is enshrined in this revered hill temple of great significance, accessible by a motorable road. This temple is regarded as the 4th of the 7 Tevara Stalams in the Kongu Region of Tamilnadu. Ancient walls, mandapams and sculptured pillars (now in a state of disrepair) add to the awe that this temple perpetuates, on top of the hill. The motorway and the renovated Rajagopuram are of recent origin. True to the name Nagagiri, there is a 60 ft long snake carved on the hill. Although the sanctum faces the West, entrance to it is from the South. A majestic image of Ardanareeswarar adorns the sanctum. There is a water spring at the foot of the image which is said to have been divinely manifested (Uli Padaa Uruvam). There are inscriptions here from the times of Parantaka Chola, Gangaikonda Chola, the Vijayanagar and Mysore Kings and the Nayaks. kannagi after burning madurai finally reached thiruchengode hill and she was taken by pushpak viman and went to heaven. and kannagi vizhla is celebrated.

Namakkal Anjaneyar Kovil is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Hindu deity, Lord Anjaneyar. The temple is located in the Namakkal. This temple is famous for its huge statue of Anjaneyara– a Hindu deity and devotee of Rama, also known as Hanuman. The statue can be found standing opposite to the Lord Narasimha temple, showing Lord Anjaneyar's devotion towards Narasimha (an avatar of the Hindu god Lord Vishnu). The famous 18-foot-tall Anjaneyar statue, with no roof over his head, is graced with japamala (prayer beads) in hand and a sword at his waist. Anjaneya's eye can be found to be in a straight line with the lotus feet of the statue of Lord Lakshmi Narasimha. From the Garudalwar Sannathi (shrine) of the temple, we can witness Lord Anjaneya having the dharshan (auspicious sight) of Lord Narasimha's feet. On the Kamalalam tank steps, we can also witness the imprint of the Anjaneya's footsteps.A Narasimha temple can be seen opposite the Anjaneyar temple. In this temple, Lord Vishnu is found in the form of Narasimha, holding helpless Hiranyakashipu on his lap being torn into pieces. It was said in the past that the Anjaneyar statue was growing every year and that poojas must be performed to calm down Anjaneya so as to avoid disaster. As time has passed, this rumor has been forgotten.