Hogenakkal Sightseeing

Leisure Places

Hogenakkal Falls is a waterfall in South India on the river Kaveri. It is located in the Dharmapuri district of the southern state of Tamil Nadu.It is sometimes referred to as the Niagara of India. With its fame for medicinal baths and hide boat rides.Carbonatite rocks in this site are considered to be the oldest of its kind in South Asia and one of the oldest in the world.The Kaveri is considered to form at Talakaveri in the Brahmagiri hills in the Western Ghats of south India and gathers momentum as the land drops in elevation. It becomes larger as various tributaries feed into it on the way down.At Hogenakkal the Kaveri now a large river drops and creates numerous waterfalls as the water cuts through the rocky terrain. In places the water falls as much as 20 m and is said to sound like continual thunder. At Hogenakkal the river spreads out over a wide area of sandy beaches, then flows through to the Mettur Dam and creates a 60 sq mi lake called Stanley Reservoir which is Built in the year 1934 and this project improved for irrigation and for generating hydropower.Boating in Hogenakkal is allowed during the dry-season as the water falls are not strong enough to disrupt the passage of the boats. This is the main source of income for these boat operators.

Krishnagiri Dam is a dam built across Thenpennai River. It is located 7 km from Krishnagiri between Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri which irrigates thousands of acres of land around Krishnagiri. The Krishnagiri Dam comes for operational from 1958.It has a gross capacity of 1666.0 M.Cft. It provides irrigation facilities to Krishnagiri and its surroundings.

Melagiri hills lie between the Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri Districts of Tamil Nadu on one side and bordered by Cauvery on the Karnataka side. Forest covered hills and valleys are the predominant landscape with the highest peak of Gutherayan rising up to 4,560 ft and lowest 2,083 ft. The forests are largely dry deciduous with some stretches of shola forests on the slopes of Gutherayan peak. The Melagiri hills receive a minimum of 700mm and maximum of 900mm of rainfall annually.The Melagiri hillsis a range on the Eastern Ghats bound by the river Cauvery on the west. Melagiri contain an expanse of 1295 km2 of dry deciduous and semi-evergreen forests. It is an elephant country and contains two traditional elephant corridors. With the Bannerghatta National Park in the North east and Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary in the south.The forest range stretches to sanctuaries of BR Hills and Sathyamangala and joins the Tiger reserves of Nilgiri Biosphere. As the meeting point of the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats these forests form a vital link in the elephant corridors of South India connecting the Bannerghatta National Park and the River Cauvery. It borders some of the prominent Tiger sanctuaries of the South.

Monuments

The capital of Adhiyamans, ancient rulers of Thahadoor was Adhiyamankottai which is situated on the Salem-Dharmapuri road and it is 7 km from Dharmapuri. The ruins of the roughly oval shaped fort is still there. The Chenraya Perumal temple there is a protected monument and is thought to have been constructed both by the King Krishna Devaraya and the Hoysala kings. There is a mandapam which leads to the sanctum sanctorum. There are paintings in the ceiling depicting scenes from the Mahabharata, Viswarupa darshan of Lord Krishna and some scenes from the Ramayana. All the paintings belong to the 13th century.

Places of Worship

Theerthamalai is an important Sacred place in Harur taluk of Dharmapuri district. The name Theerthamalai in Tamil it means Hill with Holy Water.Theerthamalai is a village situated about 16 km north-east of Harur. Theerthagirishwarar temple is located at the top of a hillock. The temple situated about 1 km up the steep slope of a hillock derives its name from the five springs in the temple. Lord Theerthagireeswar is the worshipping deity.

Theerthagirishwarar was built in 7th century and many contributions were made by the Vijayanagara Emperors Chola and Pandya Kings.Several Inscriptions can be found in the Theerthagireeswarar Temple.In the inscriptions on this temple says Chola emperors had regularly visited this temple including Rajendra Cholan.They relate to the Vijayanagar and Chola rulers.Lord Sri Rama after winning the war against Ravana and returning to Ayodhya wanted to perform Shiva Puja in this place. As Sri Hanuman could not return in time with holy Ganga water and flowers from Kasi, Rama shot an arrow on rock creating the Rama Theertha and completed the puja.Lord Siddhi Vinayaka adores the temple. Vayu Theertham and Varuna Theertham are on the western side of the hill. Indira Theertham is on the east. Hanuman and Yama theerthams are on the north and south respectively. Vasishta theertham is at the top of the hill. This is a divine hill surrounded by holy theerthas.